World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

IRON DIFFICIENCY ANAEMIA IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT -A REVIEW ARTICLE

Dr. Ashwini Diliprao Ghuge*, Dr. Jyoti Rathod, Dr. S. I. Pathan and Dr. S. V. Suryavanshi

ABSTRACT

Nutritional deficiency especially iron deficiency is the most common etiological factor for anemia particularly in adolescent girls when the requirement for iron increases tremendously to physiological need. Adolescence is the period of most rapid growth second to childhood. The physical & physiological changes that occur in adolescence place a great demand on their nutritional requirements & make them more vulnerable to anemia. The daily iron requirement for adolescent girls and premenopausal women is appro.20 mg element iron. However this amount often is not attained because absorption from dietary sources is limited by the absorptive capacity of the intestine. Iron deficiency occurs readily owing to regular iron losses, increased requirements iron losses or decreased intake. In premenopausal women, cumulative menstrual blood loss is a common cause. vit c deficiency can contribute to IDA by producing capillary fragility, hemolysis and bleeding. Anemia in the adolescent causes reduced physical and mental capacity and diminished concentration in work and educational performance & also poses a major threat to future safe motherhood in girls. The accurate management of this disorder improves the quality of life, improves the symptoms of iron deficiency & lessens the requirement of BT .The treatment option includes oral iron supplement and intravenous iron therapy.

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