World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
World Journal of Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences (WJPLS) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Indian Science Publications, SOCOLAR, China, Cosmos Impact Factor, Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN, Scientific Indexing Services (SIS), Jour Informatics (Under Process), UDLedge Science Citation Index, Global Impact Factor (In Process), International Impact Factor Services, International Scientific Indexing, UAE, International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF), Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF), Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF), Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI), Indian citation Index (ICI), 

Abstract

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF CHROMITE MINE OVERBURDEN AND SOIL

B. Pattanayak* and N. K. Dhal

ABSTRACT

Restoration of degraded land is the knowledge of physico-chemical characterization, which is crucial for prediction of ecological succession for mine overburden spoil, including soil texture, hydrological regimes, pH, organic carbon, nitrogen and extractable phosphorous. Effects of mining activities are markedly adverse, because many of the beneficial soil characteristics may require a long span of time to develop through pedogenic processes, in order to reach the native forest soil condition, which evaluates the degree of functional microbial processes for ecosystem recovery. Mine spoil samples collected from six different age series overburdens showed progressive increase in clay (%) (r=0.982, p<0.001), water holding capacity and organic carbon, which indicates the development of soil structural stability, aggregation with the increase in age of overburden spoil. The pH of spoil samples was noted to be in acidic range (6.11-6.87). The organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous content showed an improvement of 2 mg C/g spoil, 161 ?g N/g spoil and 8 ?g P/g spoil, respectively, over a period of 5 years. Thus, the net annual accumulation rate for carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous on hectare basis amounted to 255 kg C/ha/yr, 20 kg N/ha/ yr and 1 kg P/ha/yr, respectively. Further, it was estimated that the mine overburden spoil to attain the soil features of nearby native forest soil at study site through the process of reclamation, shall take approximately 10 years.

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