World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
World Journal of Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences (WJPLS) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Indian Science Publications, SOCOLAR, China, Cosmos Impact Factor, Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN, Scientific Indexing Services (SIS), Jour Informatics (Under Process), UDLedge Science Citation Index, Global Impact Factor (In Process), International Impact Factor Services, International Scientific Indexing, UAE, International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF), Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF), Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF), Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI), Indian citation Index (ICI), IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality, International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI), 

Abstract

PERICARDIAL EFFUSION IN CASES OF MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

*Dr. Iqra Tahir, Hafsa Liaqat and Sabeeh Yousuf

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the frequency of pericardial effusion in cases of Myocardial Infarction. Methodology: This was a cross sectional study that was carried out at Lahore General Hospital, Lahore during November 2017 to May 2018. The cases of acute myocardial infarction (MI) of both male and female gender with age more than 30 years were selected by non-probability consecutive sampling. The diagnosis of MI was made on the basis of chest pain of 5 or more on visual analogue scale and certain ECG changes i.e. ST segment elevation, depression or T wave inversion and positive trop T test. Then these cases underwent echo-cardiography and pericardial effusion was noted irrespective of its amount. Results: In this the mean age of the 100 participants of Acute MI was 54.57±9.78 years. There were 58% of cases male and 71% had acute Anterior walk MI. Pericardial effusion was seen in 23 (23%) out of 100 cases. There was no significant difference in terms of gender and age groups with p values of 0.81 and 0.89. Pericardial effusion was significantly high in AWMI where it was observed in 20 (28.17%) cases as compared to 3 10.34%) cases with IWMI with p value= 0.001. Conclusion; Pericardial effusion is seen in every 4th case suffering from acute MI and acute AWMI has shown significant association with this.

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